Understanding Newborn Skin

What are the common birthmarks?

Birthmarks ranges from flat to raised area on the skin with different sizes and colors. Most are harmless and need no treatment. They often disappear as a child grows older.But best part of it is, most will disappear on their own in a few days or weeks.

Not all newborn skin conditions need to be treated with lotions and creams. You don’t usually need to use lotions and other products on healthy newborn skin. Here are some of the things you may notice about your baby’s skin.

Erythema Toxicum

During the first day or two of life,many babies get harmless red blotches with tiny bumps that sometimes contain pus. This is called erythema toxicum. It may appear on only part of the body or on most of the body. The blotchy areas may come and go, but they will usually go away on their own within a 2-3 week.

Pustular Melanosis

A rash called Pustular Melanosis is common among black infants. The rash is harmless and doesn’t need
treatment. It causes pus-filled pimples that may break open and form dark spots surrounded by loose
skin. Babies are born with it, and it usually goes away after the first few days of life. Sometimes dark spots may last for a few weeks or months.
When cold, your newborn may get a blotchy, lacy rash (mottling) on the limbs and torso. Remove your baby from the cold Pustular Melanosis source, and the rash will usually go away. Mottling usually doesn’t occur past 6 months of age.


Pimples seen on their cheeks, noses, and foreheads. This babyacne are seen during the first few weeks of life and usually clears up on its own within a few months. Tiny white spots seen over newborn’s face during the first week are called Milia. Sometimes white spots appear on the gums and the roof of the mouth (palate), where they are called Epstein pearls. The white spots go away by themselves in a few weeks and aren’t harmful

Miliaria/ Heat rash

Babies can get Heat rash,sometimes called prickly heat, when they are dressed too warmly or when the weather is very hot. This is a red or pink rash usually found on the body areas covered by clothing. It often itches and makes your baby uncomfortable.we call this rash Miliaria. To help the rash go away, remove your baby from the warm setting. Dress your child in light, loose clothing and give him or her a cool bath.


Many babies have a rash off and on around the mouth or on the chin. It’s caused by drooling and spitting up. Clean your baby’s face often, especially after he or she eats or spits up.
The baby sometimes has tiny red dots on the skin.You may notice tiny red dots on your newborn’s skin. These red dots are called petechiae. These are specks of blood that have leaked into the skin.
They are caused by the trauma of being squeezed through the birth canal. They will disappear within the first week or two.

Salmon Patches

Salmon patches, alternative names :- Stork bites or Angel kisses (They are midline malformations
consisting of ectatic capillaries in the upper dermis with normal overlying skin), are flat, pink patches that occur mainly on the back of the neck, the upper eyelids, the upper lip, or between the eyebrows. Most of the disappear by 2 years of age, although patches on the back of the neck usually Salmon patches last into adulthood.
Moles are brown bumps that can occur anywhere on the body.

Mongolian spots

Mongolian spots are smooth, flat, blue or blue-gray birthmarks, usually on the lower back and buttocks. They often look like bruises. They are very common among darker-skinned newborns. They usually fade by school age, but they may never disappear entirely.


Hemangiomas are raised, blue, red, or purple birthmarks formed by a clump of blood vessels that can be any size or shape. Most of them grow for about a year, then turn white and start shrinking.

Café-au-lait spots

Café-au-lait spots are flat, brown birthmarks that are usually oval in shape. They may get bigger and darker, and your baby may get more of them throughout childhood.

Port-wine stains

Port-wine stains are pink-red at birth and then become a darker red-purple colour. These birthmarks are formed by blood vessels that did not develop properly. They can be large. Light port-wine stains may fade, but about half the get bigger as child grows. Sometimes they get thicker and darker.

Many newborn babies have a yellow tint to their skin and the whites of their eyes. This is called jaundice. In newborns, jaundice usually goes away on its own within a week and does not need treatment. But in rare cases, jaundice gets worse and can cause brain damage. That is why it is important to call your doctor if you notice signs that jaundice is getting worse. If you think that your baby’s skin or eyes are getting more yellow, or if your baby is more tired or is not acting normally, call your doctor.

Always call a doctor if you have any concerns, if your baby is not acting normally, or if the skin shows signs of being infected. The signs can include:
Increased pain, swelling, or warmth in the area.
Red streaks extending from the area.
Swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpit, or groin.
Fever of 38°C (100.4°F) or higher.
An extra fussy baby.

Diaper rash: The rash isn’t better after 2 or 3 days. Your baby may have a yeast diaper rash.
Birthmarks: The birthmark bleeds or grows quickly.
Blisters Your baby has a rash with blisters.
Jaundice: Your baby’s yellow tint gets brighter or deeper, or it hasn’t decreased by your baby’s 5th day of life.
Your baby seems very sleepy, is not eating well, or does not act normally.
Your baby shows signs of dehydration, such as strong-smelling urine with a dark yellow colour.
Your baby has a temperature that is less than 36.6°C (97.8°F) or is 38°C (100.4°F) or higher. Call if you cannot take your baby’s temperature but he or she seems hot.
Your baby has any new symptoms or does not get better as expected. If you have concerns about what lotions or other products to use on your baby’s skin, talk with your baby’s doctor.